Article 24. God’s Covenants

Redemptive History

The term used to describe the study of God’s actions to redeem his creation is “Redemptive History.” And according to Scripture, God has always had only one plan to redeem His creation. This plan is centered on and finds fulfilment in Jesus Christ and the New Covenant. Ephesians 1:8-10

The Adamic Covenant

Although the Bible does not use the word “covenant”, Scripture implies that there existed a covenant arrangement between God and Adam wherein Adam was the first representative of man. This is further reinforced by the fact that the New Covenant has Christ as our representative, and the Bible clearly tells us that we were represented by Adam beforehand. 1 Corinthians 15: 21-22, 1 Corinthians 15:45, Romans 5:12-21, Hosea 5:9

The Noahic Covenant

The Noahic Covenant is a covenant between God and all living creatures and it is a promise by God not to destroy the earth again by water. This is not a salvation covenant but rather a guarantee that the earth will continue until God’s plan to save a people is accomplished. Genesis 9:8-17

The Abrahamic Covenant

This is the agreement between God and Abraham and his descendants. It is a picture of God’s plan of salvation that was revealed through the physical descendants of Abraham. God promised to give Abraham many descendants, the land of Canaan, and to make him a blessing to others. Jesus Christ is the true seed of Abraham. All of those who were represented by Jesus Christ on the cross are the true children of Abraham. The fulfillment of the promises of the Abrahamic Covenant that were made to Abraham’s physical descendants functioned as a picture of the true fulfillment that only true believers experience. The spiritual descendants of Abraham are all the elect in Christ. The land is heaven. The promise that Abraham would be a blessing to all the earth is fulfilled in the Great Commission when the gospel is taken to the entire world to bring in the elect from every tribe nation and tongue. Genesis 12:1-3, Genesis 13:14-17, Genesis 15, Genesis 17, Genesis 22:15-18, Galatians 3, Galatians 4:21-31, Hebrews 3:7-4:11, Revelation 5

The Old Covenant

The Old Covenant is also called the Mosaic Covenant or the First Covenant. This was a legal agreement between God and the nation of Israel that was given to Moses on Mount Sinai. This covenant was not a gracious covenant. Although the Lord had a gracious purpose in giving this covenant, the covenant itself was a legal covenant that demanded perfect obedience. The failure to obey would result in the curse of God. This covenant was used to prepare the way for the Messiah. Israel, as a whole, was not a believing people. The Old Covenant caused the Israelites to become all the more guilty. It was never the means of anyone’s salvation. The Old Covenant functions as a physical picture of many spiritual truths that can be used to teach believers today. The Ten Commandments are the essence of the Mosaic Law or Mosaic Covenant. The pouring out of the Spirit at Pentecost brought to a close the Old Covenant era. 2 Corinthians 3, Hebrews 7-10, 1 Corinthians 10:1-13, Exodus 20:1-21, Deuteronomy 5, Deuteronomy 27-28, Hebrews 3:7-19, Romans 5:20, Romans 9:1-5, Galatians 3-4, Colossians 2:16-23, Acts 2

The New Covenant

This is a description of the saving work of Jesus Christ. He purchased a people who will all be God-lovers. Each of those who are a part of the New Covenant will necessarily experience a changed life. Although all true believers are part of the New Covenant no matter when they lived. The New Covenant era as a unique historical period began with the pouring out of the Spirit at Pentecost. Hebrews 7-8, Hebrews 10:1-18, Romans 5:15-19, Romans 6, Romans 4, Matthew 27:45-56, Acts 2

 

*We would like to thank the New Covenant Church Cebu for allowing us to study and use their Statement of Faith as a basis of our own with some little or minor revisions to fit our core beliefs. Some articles remained as is because we believe that it accurately describes ours and so changes at this point is not necessary. We believe as a church that we are much closer to New Covenant Theology and furthest away from Dispensational Theology. In terms of the covenants, some of us hold to a pre-fall covenant and an overaching covenant of grace. But generally we are NCT.